. there was the living plant of Amyclain iris; there sang the nightingales over the spring blossoms, flying in troops above the clustering flowers. . Unsated, in the delicious forests of Lebanon, Dionysos was left along beside the lonely girl. What physic is there for my pain? "Bacchus, what brings you calling?" Dionysus took his stolen arrow, the one Eros had not quite finished, and headed toward the road Apollo took home from his stables past the west, and thence to Phoebus' palace. With this appeal Bakkhos departed, triumphant and proud of his two Phrygian marriages, with the elder wife and the younger bride . Thereupon a certain man, Prosymnos by name, promises to tell him; though not without reward. Girl, you have the blood of Kypris--then why do you flee from the secrets of Kypris? Bakkhos watched the girl's sweet neck, her ankles as she walked, beauty which nature had given her, the beauty which nature had made: for no ruddy ornament for the skin had Beroe smeared on her round rosy face, no meretricious rouge put a false blush on her cheeks. Do not shame your mother's race. "That pompous shining sack of heat insulted me and never apologized, for he thinks he is stronger than anyone else-" The anger he felt for Apollo almost entrely broke Dionysus' spell, but beneath the rush of anger, there was a muted lingering desire, a regret at losing the warmth they had shared moments before. I beseech you, in the name of that bed on the ground where the marriage was consummated, what bridegifts did Dionysos your husband bring? . When fiery Eros beheld Aura stumbling heavyknee, he leapt down from heaven, and smiling with peaceful countenance spoke to Dionysos with full sympathy : ‘Are you for a hunt, Dionysos? . to C1st A.D.) : DIONYSOS was the Olympian god of wine, vegetation, pleasure, festivity, madness and frenzy. "He does that which can be done by no one else, have you ever witnessed the difficulty of steering Helios through the Milky Way, considered the heights and depths which he must traverse with a such a team, spirited and fiery as the sun himself? . Ah when, ah when is Aura charmed with moving eyelids? 567 ff (trans. Liber, however, eager for his mother, swore that if he brought her back, he would do as he wished, on terms, though, that a god could swear to a shameless man. 6. If you really have in you the blood of Assyrian Adonis the charming, learn the tender rules of your sire whose blessing is upon marriage, obey the cestus girdle born with the Paphian, save yourself from the dangerous wrath of the bridal Erotes (Loves)! Beardless Ampelos, they say, a Nymph's and a Satyrus's son, was loved by Bacchus [Dionysos] on Ismarian hills [in Thrake]. He does not find Prosymnos, for he was dead. At last buffeted by his tumultuous desire for Aura, desperate he cried out in mad tones--‘I am like lovelorn Pan, when the girl flees me swift as the wind, and wanders, treading the wilderness with boot more agile than Ekho never see! . . Paphia [Aphrodite] was anxious, for she feared both wooers of her muchwooed girl. Workmen of Bakkhos about the vintage she killed, because they are servants of Lyaios who squeeze out the intoxicating juice of his liquor, heavy with wine, dangerous lovers. She stood still, he brought a longing hand near her breast, and stoked her belt as if not thinking what he did : but touching her breast, the lovesick god's right hand grew numb. If she would only say as much as this with her dear lips--"Bakkhos, your desire is vain; seek not for maiden Aura. Shall I bring you heaps of treasure from Alybe? Silverarm cares not for silver! . So the god spoke; and changing his form for another [that of a hunter] he plunged into the shady thicket where the maiden was, Euios wholly like a hunter . She moved this way and that way with erring motions, her brow shook with throbbing temples, her head leaned and lay on her shoulder, she fell asleep on the ground beside a tallbranching tree and entrusted to the bare earth her maidenhood unguarded. Then she addressed both gods in the same words : ‘I could wish had I two daughters, to wed one as is justly due to Earthshaker, and one to Lyaios; but since my child was not twins, and the undefiled laws of marriage do not allow us to join one girl to a pair of husbands together change and change about, let battle be chamberlain for one single bride, for without hard labour there is no marriage with Beroe. The story of Dionysos' love for Ampelos is recounted in great detail in Nonnus' Dionysiaca, not currently quoted here. I love your country more than the sky; I desire not the sceptre of my father Zeus as much as Beroe for my wife. Eros stamped his foot in frustration before he noticed that by the door stood an intricately wrought amphora filled with wine so fragrant that he was drawn across the room, and had started drinking it before he had time to give it a thought. He looked at his hand, then folded it behind his back, gently inside the other, withdrawing his presence slowly as he would withdraw himself from the house. . The daughter of golden Aphrodite needs no gold. POLYMNOS or HYPLIPNOS (Polymnus or Hyplipnus) A man of Argos (southern Greece) who showed Dionysos the way to the underworld. . With gentle hand he put away the girl's neat quiver and hid the bow in a hole in the rock, that she might not shake off Sleep's wing and shoot him. 2 (trans. He had modest number of lovers in myth, the most well known of which were his bride Ariadne, the Kalydonian queen Althaia, and the youth Ampelos. He left to the winds the bed of Aura still sleeping, and returned to his Satyroi with a breath of the bridal still about him. Shall I bring you gleaming gifts [amber] from brilliant Eridanos? Aura for Dionysos] . . 407 ff (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. "Priapos : was conceived from Zeus and Aphrodite; but Hera in a jealous rage laid hands by a certain trickery on the belly of Aphrodite and readied a shapeless and ugly and over-meaty babe to be born. The caves of your fathers are better than Olympos. . . He trusted him with a vine hanging from the leaves of an elm; it is now named for the boy. O that I also might become a flood, like Earthshaker, and murmuring might embrace my own Tyro of Lebanon, thirsty and careless beside the lovestricken spring!’ . Flee, my dear, from the ugly noise of the neversilent sea, flee the madness of Poseidon's dangerous love! Cutting off a branch from a fig-tree which was at hand, he shaped it into the likeness of a phallus, and then made a show of fulfilling his promise to the dead man. . And the god roamed over the hills scourged with a greater fire. His mother flung it onto a mountain; a shepherd raised it up. 811 ff : ", Theophilus of Antioch, To Autolycus 7 (Greek Christian epistles C2nd A.D.) : She bore him a daughter, Deianeira. There has been a discussion, or perhaps debate, over the words “eros” and “agape” amongst Christian theologian for quite some time.A certain amount of this discussion, or debate, focuses on the works of pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, and specifically his use of eros instead of agape in The Divine Names. with cautious countenance and stolen glances he watched the girl so close to him, lest she should turn and run away; for beauty and the eyes of a girl of his own age have little consolation to a lad who gazes at her for the loves which the Kyprian sends. "There [in Phrygia] grew Aura the mountain maiden of Rhyndakos, and hunted over the foothills of rocky Dindymon. Zeus's wife Hera, a jealous and vain goddess, discovered the affair while Semele was pregnant, appearing as an old crone (in other stories a nurse). She [Aura] took the babes and laid them in the den of a lioness for her dinner. . So the wedding was like a dream; for the capering dances, the hill skipt and leapt of itself, the Hamadryas half-visible shook her agemate fir--only maiden Ekho did not join in the mountain dance, but shamefast hid herself unapproachable under the foundations of the rock, that she might not behold the wedding of womanmad Dionysos. Spare not your girdle, but attend Bakkhos both as comrade and bedfellow. So she went to the banks of Sangarios, threw into the water her backbending bow and her neglected quiver, and leapt headlong into the deep stream, refusing in shame to let her eyes look on the light of days. He stopped midway through preparing the golden one he was dipping into the ethereal love elixir, set it down, stood, turned, and smiled at Dionysus who had not yet revealed himself. . His hair was long and golden, his features soft just like those of his mother; he was a beautiful youth as opposed to a handsome one. He lifted the large vessel and drank from it directly. This page describes the various liaisons of the god. . When Oeneus realized this, he voluntarily left the city and pretended to be performing sacred rites. "He [Dionysos] remembered the bed of the Astakid Nymphe [Nikaia, of Lake Astakos] long before, how he had wooed the lovely Nymphe with a cunning potion and made sleep his guide to intoxicated bridals. 125 ff (trans. He took the hunting-net from Beroe's hands and pretended to admire the clever work, shaking it round and round for some time and asking the girl many questions--‘What god made this gear, what heavenly art? I saw the deceiving stream of the yellow fountain at your loving bridal! ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 48. Suda On Line) (Byzantine Greek lexicon C10th A.D.) : But a panther with understanding mind licked their bodies with her ravening lips, and nursed the beautiful boys of Dionysos with intelligent breast; wondering serpents with poisonspitting mouth surrounded the birthplace, for Aura's bridegroom had made even the ravening beasts gentle to guard his newborn children. . [he praises her by comparing her to various goddesses] . You also suffered what I suffered, you enemy of marriage; then you also have to blame a deceitful sleep sent by the Erotes (Loves), who are friends of marriage. You who have learnt the throes of childbirth in hard necessity, by Telete your danceweaving daughter I beseech you, hasten to lift up my son, that my desperate Aura may not destroy him with daring hands--for I know she will kill one of the two baby boys in her intolerable frenzy, but do you help Iakkhos: guard the better boy, that your Telete may be the servant of son and father both.’ Whence comes this balmy water? Hera pretended not to believe her and planted seeds of doubt in Semele's mind. So she made trouble upon trouble for lovestricken Lyaios . He took Dionysus' hand and enclosed it in his own, crushing it with a grip caused by more than carelessness. ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 6. NYMPHE UNNAMED An unnamed Mysian nymph was the mother of Dionysos' son Priapos (others say he was born of Aphrodite). He came near to Beroe and would have spoken a word, but fear held him fast [shyness in the presence of the maiden] . . Dionysos lost her to his uncle. 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