Several territories were foreign enclaves surrounded by the lands of the kingdom of France. Besides, Habsburg possessions encircled its territory: Spain, the Netherlands, Franche-Comté and more distantly, Milan. Thus, on the eve of the Revolution, the modern, hexagonal shape of France was accomplished. Meanwhile, Henry II of France consolidated the frontiers of the French kingdom by the occupation in 1552, of the towns of Metz, Toul and Verdun which became the province of the Three Bishoprics and the re-taking of Calais from the Queen of England (1558). Give the name of the natural borders of France? Learn how and when to remove this template message, This appendix contains details of minor revisions of the French borders, Burgundian and Habsburg in the Low Countries, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Territorial_evolution_of_France&oldid=972183037, Geographical, historical and cultural regions of France, Articles needing additional references from March 2011, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The bulk of the German territories in the left (West) bank was awarded to. Well, nowaday if one day Spain imploded (and it's a possibility, Actually a good time this could have happened is in the 1820s, where a more, Oh yes, that could've happen, however France was more interested. the last frontier is the northern border which has no natural defense, and so the logical step is pushing the borders all the way to the rhine as it is the closest natural border and would complete the fortress France. ", 130 departments of the First French Empire, "Janvier 1595 : Henri IV veut couper le Camino Español en Franche-Comté", "Le Rhin, frontière naturelle de la France", https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=Natural_borders_of_France&oldid=721647660, Pages with citations using unsupported parameters, Articles with French-language external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. France lost several strongholds covering her frontiers: the hamlets of Libre, Piène-Basse and Piène-Haute (commune of, displacement by several kilometres of the Italian border in the, annexation of the summit of Mont Thabor and its eastern slopes, notably the upper basin of the, This page was last edited on 10 August 2020, at 17:02. Alsace, Artois and Franche-Comté were annexed between 1648 and 1697. True, but they were cowed into submission by the post napoleonic order. Louis XI regained his inheritance of the two most powerful prerogatives granted to cadet branches of the dynasty: Burgundy and Anjou including Provence in the Holy Roman Empire (1481–1482). 7 8 9. On January 31, 1793, the Convention annexed the County of Nice and the Principality of Monaco to form the département of Alpes-Maritimes. On the whole, it remained stable from 1697 to 1789 when it became vague, following no particular line. In 1601, he intervened against Duke of Savoy who had supported plots against him. It was in this context that Henry was assassinated by a fanatic, Ravaillac, which put a stop to his project. Technically, the height of the mountain varies by year depending on the depth of snow at its summit. In 1768, the Republic of Genoa ceded Corsica to Louis XV in exchange for annulment of a debt.. France was virtually returned to its borders of 1791, except that she retained the former enclaves. The Revolution did away with the concept of ownership of political entities by individuals. It had been claimed since the purchase of the Dauphiné. It set a seal to the creation of the borders of two states each of which would have its own development. The king of France, Phillip Augustus was able to take advantage of this by taking Normandy from him by his capture of the fortress of the Château Gaillard, downstream from Paris (1204).  Pushed by Merlin de Douai, the Convention feared that a separate Belgian republic, along the lines of the Batavian Republic, would be too weak to resist the English and the Austrians, and would become a buffer state against the French republic. France never had the same relation as Germans toward the French language : Germany was built on the idea that all German speaking people should be united while France since the Révolution has an extremely large vision of who is French and even what is the notion of a French Nation. save. The French monarchy was more worried that this claim would find echoes in Catholic circles in France. They had two sons but a new series of conflicts, known as the Hundred Years' War, was provoked by the claim of Edward III of England, grandson of Philip IV through Edward's mother. For General Adam Philippe de Custine, commander of the Army of the Rhine, "if the Rhine is not the limit of the Republic, it will perish. In the south-west, its border lies among the peaks of the Pyrenees mountain range. Fortified towns to the north of Lorraine (Montmédy, Thionville, Longwy, Saarlouis) isolated the Duchy from other states of the German (Holy Roman) Empire so as to weaken the independence of the duke. The house of Austria showed a wish for supremacy in Europe, giving an impression of a militant bastion of Catholicism faced with the emergent Protestant states. With the Treaty of Turin, 24 March 1860, Victor-Emmanuel consented to ceding the duchy of Savoy and the county of Nice, after consulting the populations, which took place in April 1860. J'imagine que dans cette uchronie, Napoléon II se marie avec Louise d'Orléans pou assurer la légitimité de son règne. " On December 17, the Convention adopted the Declaration of the French Revolutionary Administration of Conquered Lands (French: Décret sur l'administration révolutionnaire française des pays conquis), prelude to the annexation of Belgium by France. The boundaries of our Republic must be there.". r/eu4: A place to share content, ask questions and/or talk about the grand strategy game Europa Universalis IV by Paradox Development Studio.  This notion was influential among the French revolutionaries after 1790, notably among the Jacobins. Though its largest … Because the damn border of Mosseeland and Rhineland is awful. Share your thoughts, experiences and the tales behind the art. Interestingly, the Rhine was still seen as crucial to France's defence well past the Revolution. Asked by Wiki User. Shortly afterwards, The King of France Louis VIII the Lion exploited the Albigensian Crusade against the Cathars of the Midi to impose his authority on the County of Toulouse (1229). This opened the way to all sorts of encroachment. The territory of the French State is spread throughout the world. When Philip IV died, his nephew, Philip I count of Valois mounted the throne of France in the end, as Philip VI. French armies suffered heavy defeats at Crécy (1346) and Poitiers (1356). Possible, je n'ai pas creusé la suite de l'uchronie pour être honnête, C'est une uchronie, le but n'est pas de montrer des frontières idéales pour la France, mais des frontières plausibles pour un scénario donné. France gradually became forested as the glaciers retreated starting in 10,000 BC, but clearing of these primeval forests began in Neolithic times. Everything the blue touches is our kingdom. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. The new borderline between Germany and France was orientated on the actual ethnic/lingustic border. Physical geography of Metropolitan France, France (territory of the French Republic, including, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of fifteen largest French metropolitan areas by population, http://www.meteofrance.fr/actualites/73726667-record-absolu-de-chaleur-battu-45-9-c-dans-le-gard-du-jamais-vu-en-france, Provisional Government of the French Republic, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_France&oldid=983725465, Articles needing additional references from August 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mostly flat plains or gently rolling hills in the north and west and mountainous in the south. In 1748, the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) put an end to the rivalry of the French and Austrian monarchies. It was only later that France was presented with both motive and a favourable occasion to annex the duchy. His daughter, Mary of Burgundy inherited the Burgundian Netherlands and the Burgundian part of the Franche-Comté. But even after the Armistice of 1918, France was unable to make new territorial gains towards the north-east, into the Saarland. The French natural border is the Rhine. Well, some of our kings consider it, Navarre was sometimes in political union with France in medieval era, Henri IV by eg was king of Navarre before becoming king of France. Subsequently, in the 19th century, there were only a few developments. At the time this concept was introduced, half of France spoke Occitan, not French. The crossing beyond Rhone, which for a long time remained the frontier, did not begin until the 14th century, with the purchase of the Dauphiné. The first-level administrative division of Integral France is regions. Though the main towns of Alsace-Lorraine were reconquered during the autumn of 1944, by french troops of Generals Koenig and Leclerc, fighting raged on in the Colmar Pocket until 2 February 1945. This article describes the process by which the territorial extent of metropolitan France came to be as it is since 1947. The grandson of Mary, the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V of Habsburg entered into conflict with Francis I of France. Metropolitan France is that part which is in Europe. The struggle against the Norman and Angevin kings of England was the opportunity for the kings of France to extend their authority. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. The duchy of Lorraine would be formally annexed to France in 1766, when Stanisław died. Some of these treaties were: The institution of a revolutionary regime in France led most of the European monarchies to form coalitions against it. It had historical sources (where the Gauls were) and political ones (easy to defend against the reactionnaries monarchies of Europe). Really interesting for it to have been considered in the past. On the one hand, the succession of the Duchy of Burgundy and on the other, the desire to gain a foothold in Italy were the cause of a first series of conflicts with the House of Austria, the Habsburgs. This and the purchase of Corsica in 1768 brought the territory of the kingdom into a consolidated block. Nevertheless, in some cases such as Nord the modern département comprises broadly, the territory of one period of acquisition. The king released his Savoyard subjects following the plebiscite of the same month. This first phase was interrupted by the French Wars of Religion and it was not decisive for the French monarchy.